Welcome to DWSC, West Champaran

pro_logoImproved portable water supply and sanitation facilities and services are critical to enhance public health and improve human development outcomes, more so for rural households. Though the State of Bihar has recorded an impressive performance in providing safe drinking water to its rural households, further improvements are required in terms of quantity, quality, equity and sustainability. Further, there is great need for improved sanitation, especially for people living in rural areas. To address these issues in a coherent, concerted and urgent manner, new initiatives have to be taken in a mission mode. New sustainable Water Supply & Sanitation schemes have to be executed in time-bound manner along with effective operation and maintenance. Community participation is also necessary in all stages starting from planning and execution to operation and maintenance of such schemes. For this, emphasis needs to be placed on systematically: promoting wide-ranging stakeholder partnerships and ensuring convergence in stakeholder priorities and actions; planning and implementing high quality capacity building and information, education and communication (IEC) efforts, particularly efforts geared towards improved community awareness and substantive community participation in all stages; robust monitoring, evaluation and learning arrangements; and, identifying and disseminating technology options appropriate to local realities. The BSWSM shall have the overall goal to improve the quality of life of rural citizens by enhancing access to improved and sustainable water supply and sanitation facilities and services in rural areas. It will act as an autonomous body to implement, coordinate and monitor implementation of activities/ projects relating to rural water supply, sanitation, solid & liquid waste management and hygiene

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District at a Glance

West  Champaran District was carved out of the old Champaran District in the year 1972 as a result of re-organization of the District in the state. It was formerly a subdivision of Saran District and then Champaran District  with its Head quarters as Bettiah. It is said that Bettiah got its name from Baint (Cane) plants commonly found in this district. The name Champaran is a degenerate form of Champaka aranya, a name which dates back to the time when the district was a tract of the forest of Champa (Magnolia)  trees & was the abode of solitary asectics.  

                        As per District Gazetteer, it seems probable that Champaran was occupied at an early period by races of Aryan descent and formed part of the country in which the Videha empire ruled. After the fall of Videhan empire the  district formed part of the Vrijjain oligarchical republic with its capital at Vaishali of which Lichhavis were the most powerful and prominent. Ajatshatru the emperor of Magadh, by tact and force annexed Lichhavis and occupied its capital, Vaishali.  He extended his sovereignty over Paschim Champaran which continued under the Mauryan rule for the next hundred years. After the Mauryas, the Sungas and Kanvas ruled over the Magadh territories. The district thereafter formed part of the Kushan empire and then came under Gupta empire.Along with Tirhut, Champaran was possibly annexed by Harsha during whose reign Huen- Tsang, the famous Chinese pilgrim, visited India. During 750 to 1155 AD , the Palas of Bengal were in the possession of Eastern India and Champaran formed the part of their territory. Towards the close of the 10th century Gangaya Deva of the Kalacheeri dynasty conquered Champaran .He was succeeded by Vikramaditya of the Chalukya dynasty.

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IEC Material